Never arrive late – show respect – give 100% – and never leave early
Never arrive late – show respect – give 100% – and never leave early
JUDO TRAINING & STUDENT EXPECTATIONS
By Mark Lonsdale, Judo Training Development
I received an email from an individual declaring, “I want a black belt in judo.” That was the total extent of the email, to which I assume I was expected to respond. My less than patient response was, “Then get off the computer and go find a Judo dojo.”
But the lesson here is that too many people want the reward but have no understanding of what it takes to earn it. The email I would have preferred, should have read, “I have been reading about the philosophies and practices of judo and feel this is a martial art that I would like to try.” Or, “I have been training in judo for five years but there is no one in my area to test me for black belt. Can I come to your club to be evaluated, and if I am worthy, get promoted to Shodan?” Or, “My 12 year old daughter saw Marti Malloy and Kayla Harrison on television and expressed an interest in representing the United States in judo at the Olympics. Can we come by and discuss this with you?”
Olympic medalist and Team USA member Marti Malloy
That said, it is not unreasonable to assume that many students and parents think how wonderful it must be to have a black belt, and then go in search of a martial arts studio. Others just go out and buy a black belt and declare themselves Masters of the Universe in whatever style and organization they pull from thin air. I was reading an individual’s online resume recently that had him listed as a 10th dan in almost every martial art including judo. Total BS.
To the point – it is important for judo instructors to understand the various expectations, and misconceptions, that prospective and current students may have concerning their judo training.
Modern judo training is not a “one-size-fits-all” sport or recreation. Successful clubs and instructors have come to realize that judo students have a wide variety of reasons for taking up judo, and an equally wide variety of expectations as to what they hope to gain from judo. Those expectations may also change as the student comes to understand and appreciate the full range of judo philosophies and practices.
Thinking back to my early days in judo, when it was one-size –fit all, I can recall how I thrived in the rigid, traditional training environment. As a twelve or thirteen year old I felt like a young warrior in training following in the footsteps of the Japanese samurai; and to this day, I am grateful for the discipline, respect, and tenacity that judo instilled in me. But now, as a professional trainer and educator, I can see where those early training methods leave considerable room for improvement, and some are not appropriate in a 21st century dojo. Just look at the scandal over the treatment of the Japanese women’s Olympic team.
Judo training, back then, was a process of “monkey see, monkey do” – and I was the monkey. We learned by watching, and sensei seldom asked if we had questions. Techniques were demonstrated once or twice, and then we did them endlessly until we mastered the move and the throws became reflexive. Uchi-komi were dispensed by the hundreds, we threw a lot and got thrown even more on hard tatami. No crash pads or soft gym mats back then. But I don’t ever recall getting hurt from being thrown, except one time when a very heavy black belt threw me with soto-makikomi and cracked my ribs. My shins were forever bruised from randori and shiai, and muscles often ached from hard work, but that was accepted as part of becoming a Judo warrior.
The first time I recall a sensei taking time to teach anything in great detail was when I had to learn nage-no-kata, in anticipation of promoting to Shodan. In fact, up until then, I believe I learned more techniques from books and training partners than from my sensei. My favorite books back then were Kazuzo Kudo’s two-volume set, JUDO IN ACTION (now a collectors’ item). It wasn’t until I was on the national team that coaches and former champions took time to demonstrate and discuss competition techniques, tactics and newaza in more detail.
Back in those days of hard judo, the sport was thriving and clubs had strong memberships. But this was before the arrival of other highly commercialized martial arts and strip-mall dojo. So in the past thirty years, judo clubs and memberships have been on the decline, as much as 80% in some regions. As judo politics and infighting became a detrimental part of judo, the sport failed to change to better meet the expectations of the modern student, even as clubs withered and died. What we see today is that the instructors and clubs that saw the proverbial writing on the wall, and adjusted their training methods to suit their students, continued to do well.
So, can a better understanding of judo expectations aid in student retention and reverse the decline in judo?
Every student and parent that walks into a judo dojo has a different perception of judo, and varying expectations as to what they hope to get out of the training. For example, one evening two teenage girls came into my club begging to be taught how to fight. They went on to explain that a gang of girls at their high school was planning to beat them up the next day. Judo was not the immediate solution at that time, but it illustrates how some people see judo as a form of self defense. (And yes, we did take care of that bullying problem at the school)
Parents often see judo as a good sport for children that may be shy, lacking in self confidence, a little overweight, or lacking in basic coordination – and they are correct. I have lost count of how many times parents have told me about the positive effect that judo has had on their children; changes that ranged from just learning left from right, to overcoming shyness and becoming more confident. Kids that had never shown any interest in sports or physical activity suddenly discovered a love of judo and coming to training. The dojo is one place that they would never be teased or bullied as they found their inner tigers.
For little kids (4-6 years), they just want to have fun, but in the process we can impart some basic discipline and respect, along with agility, balance and coordination. From six to eight years old, the judo training is more structured and the students begin to learn real judo techniques. The parents are just thrilled that the kids are away from the TV, computers and video games, but in the process they are learning about focus, perseverance, team work, and the importance in judo of getting up after being thrown (tenacity). Other expectations at this age are weight loss, socialization for the shy ones, and possibly even anger management issues. The structure, discipline, and respect that are integral to judo come into play here.
From nine to twelve years students are able to grasp the more technical aspects of judo and enter into more serious training. For teens (13-17 years), they may be drawn to the competitive aspects of judo. They see the other teens that make up the club’s competition team and want to be a part of that group; and the importance of that “sense of belonging” should not be underestimated. Teens are constantly struggling with peer pressure, appearance, fashion, bullying, etc., but as part of a “judo team” many of these issues are washed away. The individual is not judged on ethnicity or looks, but purely on their willingness to train hard and support the team. If the sensei or coach manages the team correctly, then winning or losing at a tournament takes second place to their courage and willingness to step onto the mat and give it their best shot. In judo we reward effort.
Next is the Senior competition group, 18 to 30 years of age, who are wholly focused on competition judo, squad training, national and international championships, and making the US team. Their expectations from judo will run to competitive development, hard randori sessions, training camps, and raising the funds for travel to championships. To meet these needs, the judo instructor will want to develop and hone his or her high performance coaching skills.
Older adults, for the most part, take up judo as a form of exercise and recreation. They are attracted to the safe, non-threatening environment and sense of camaraderie exhibit by other club members. They seek exercise in a clean, safe, well structured environment, as opposed to walking into a “fight club” and getting thrown to the wolves. But again, how the sensei manages the class will have a significant impact on student retention.
As an example on how not to manage an adult judo class, I had a friend in his early fifties who had been an Ikkyu in Aikido but thought he might like to try judo. I pointed him at a local club in his area, but his first night did not go well. Without any real introduction to judo, within the first half-hour, the head sensei selected my friend for newaza randori and literally ground him into the mat. He then made him do newaza randori with a heavy-weight brown belt who was a former wrestler. Once more my friend was put through the proverbial wringer. That was the first and last time he ever tried judo and, unfortunately, indicative of how not to handle a new student.
This same problem is found at other clubs where they see anyone who walks through the door as “fresh meet.” This fight club mentality is not part of judo, unless the class is advertised as national squad training or a competition-focused hard randori training session.
Women may share some or all of the above expectations, but quite often they are seeking a self defense component to their training. At my club we run separate women’s self defense classes, but we also teach what we call “applied judo.” This refers to applying conventional judo techniques in a self defense environment. This usually begins with the applications of osoto-gari, o-goshi, and ippon-seoinage as a defense against a variety of strikes and grabs. We also show how grip breaking techniques can be used to break contact with an attacker, and how the stances and steps (tsugi-ashi) used in judo provide superior balance in a street fight. Then, through judo training and randori, women become more comfortable fighting with their male counterparts. In the process they develop the fitness, strength, self confidence, and mental toughness to survive a street confrontation.
Although not new, Masters & Veterans Judo is going through a revival, so it is important for a judo club to cater to older judoka and competitors. Again, it is important that randori sessions are age-appropriate and that every effort be made to avoid unnecessary injuries. Then there are other aspects of judo, such as kata, refereeing, and coaching that older judoka may choose to pursue. A well rounded instructor should be able to handle all of these needs, or at least facilitate the club members’ attendance at the required training and certification clinics.
To conclude, every effort should be made to make judo training a safe, enjoyable, and all-encompassing experience. It is also recommended to divide students into groups and classes to better focus on the various age-appropriate aspects of judo. Having five-year-olds on the mat with teenagers can be dangerous, especially if the mat is small; and adults prefer to train with other adults of a similar level of experience. Similarly, kata training does not meld well with randori training, and some self defense classes are best run for women only. So when a new student or parent walks through the door, take the time to ask them what they expect to get out of judo; then be honest as to whether you can meet those expectations.
CHAMPIONSHIP JUDO TRAINING
By Mark V. Lonsdale
For all the judoka who did not do as well as they expected in their championships this past week. Don’t just chalk it up as a loss and forget about it. Study your performance in the various matches, but more importantly, analyze your preparation for the championship. Whatever you did, or did not do, it may have had gaps. Do a gap analysis of your own training, then study those that did well and their training regimes. See if there is room for improvement in your endurance, strength, technical, tactical and mental preparation.
DISTURBING TRENDS in CLUB LEVEL JUDO and THE SOLUTION
Even though Judo can be many things to many people – a martial art, self defense, sport, or just recreation – it is still a codified activity steeped in tradition. These traditions include standards of behavior, dojo and mat etiquette, a uniform, and the use of Japanese terminology for training, techniques, and in competition. However, there are some disturbing trends emerging in Judo clubs across the country:
1. The sensei turns up late for class, with students standing at the door to the gym when the class is scheduled to start. Mats are not laid in time for class.
2. The sensei rolls into the dojo five minutes after the class was scheduled to start; then spends another five minutes talking to his buddies before starting the class. This is disrespectful to the students.
3. The head instructor is on the mat teaching in shorts and a t-shirt when all the students are in judogi. This is a poor example.
4. Students are not required to bow on or off the mat, and classes do not bow in correctly.
5. No effort is made to ensure the students’ belts are tied correctly.
6. Students arrive at training bare-foot; while others leave the mat and go to the bathroom without putting their shoes on. Others walk across the mats with their shoes on prior to class.
7. The sensei wears a dirty gi, or an odd combination of colored gi. Or the Judo instructor is teaching a Judo class but wearing a ju jitsu gi
8. Japanese terminology is not used for the names of the techniques or in club-level match referring.
9. At tournaments, Judo sensei and coaches demonstrate no knowledge of the current rules for mat-side coaching, including, yelling at the ref, putting their shoes on the mat, drinking and eating in the coach’s chair, yelling at their students, berating their students mat-side causing them to cry if they did not win.
10. Much of this can be attributed to Judo instructors, completely lacking in formal Judo training, being given high dan-grades by associations just to get their clubs into the organization. The result is an instructor or coach with little to no knowledge of Judo techniques, terminology, mat etiquette, competition rules, or even Professor Kano’s teachings or philosophies.
While some of the above will be seen at competition training camps, they should not be evident at the dojo level. Judo is much more than just wrestling or grappling with a gi on. The sensei and instructors should be setting the example and standards for the students, and these include staying true to the traditions and etiquette of good Judo.
One way to correct the above deviations from good Judo would be national and regional training camps, taught by national technical directors and senior Kodansha (high grades), for the sole purpose of national quality control and quality assurance within the greater Judo community. These are common in Europe and Japan but virtually unheard of in the US in that past 20 years. So maybe it is time to return to the practice of national high-grade training camps and seminars.
DEVELOPING A WINNING JUDO TECHNIQUE
By Mark Lonsdale, Judo Training Development
Ever wonder how judo champions can run a ten-man slaughter line using only a limited number of techniques, winning six out of ten fights with their signature uchi-mata or tokui-waza? Even though everyone in the lineup already knows that these techniques will be used against them.
I wondered the same thing when former World Champion and Tokai University coach Nobuyuki Sato bounced me all over the mat for 10 minutes using nothing but tai-otoshi. Granted, I was only 20 years old at the time, but if you want to learn their secrets, read on….
Developing a winning judo technique and becoming a champion is not rocket science. In theory it is quite simple but, in practice, not so easy. It is in the attempted implementation of the following that the judoka will discover whether or not he or she has the dedication and perseverance to make the grade.
The short answer to the super-waza puzzle is to simply train harder, longer, more often, and smarter than your opponents. To expand on that, here is how it works:
And there you have it! Within a few months, and with the appropriate intensity and frequency, you will begin down the path to becoming a superior athlete, with a superior technique, that will come reflexively in randori and competition. The more you make the conscious effort to attack with this technique, the sooner it will come automatically in randori and shiai.
If this sounds simplistic, it is. But if you are not willing to follow this advice, then you will fail at the higher levels of competition. Why you may ask? Because the other serious
competitors are already doing this, therefore you need to be doing more than them. So train hard, train often, train smart, and listen to your coach.
DE-CONSTRUCTING THE JUDOKA OR COMPETITOR
By Mark Lonsdale, Judo Training Development
Most followers of Judo Training Development, whether student, competitor, or coach, will have some understanding of what it takes to build a competitor in Judo, but what does it mean to de-construct a competitor? Anyone who has trained with elite level coaches in Europe or Japan will understand this process, but the process is equally valid for the club level sensei or coach.
The purpose of de-construction is to rebuild the foundation.
Using a high-rise building as an example, if the structure is built on a soft, sub-standard foundation it is sure to fail. Construction may begin well for the first few levels, but as the building gets taller, the weaknesses in the foundation will become more apparent. Eventual the weight of the building will exceed the strength of the foundation and the building will crack, sag, and topple. This is why buildings are constructed on solid ground, or the foundations are sunk deep enough to reach bedrock.
The same is true for competitive judoka. If the foundational training in the principles of Judo is absent or weak, then the competitor will eventually hit a point where he or she is not advancing or improving. This may be mistaken for a training plateau, but simply training harder will not solve the problem. The elite athlete who consistently places 5th but never 1st or 2nd year after year, may want to ask why they are not improving? The astute judo coach should probably make the athlete take several steps back, to break bad habits or improve weak techniques (de-construction), before rebuilding the technical foundation needed to support forward progress.
An example that comes to mind was a junior blue belt visiting from another club. He was thirteen years old, and going by the back-patch on his judogi, he had fought at the USA Junior Nationals. At first glance he exhibited all the characteristics of a seasoned junior competitor. He was solidly built, had a good appreciation for grip fighting, and attacked as soon as he had a grip. The problem was that he had no effective judo techniques and no concept of set-ups or combinations. Therefore, he was unable to throw any opponent in randori. In talking to him, it became evident that he had never been schooled in Kodokan Judo, did not know the difference between a tai-otoshi or a harai-goshi, and knew none of the Japanese terminology for tachi-waza or newaza.
As it turned out, this boy was from a non-traditional fight club that also practiced wrestling, Sambo, and MMA grappling. None of his instructors were formally trained Judo sensei or coaches in the true sense, and Judo was simply one of the many activities offered at their grappling club. The result was that this young fighter would probably plateau at the junior level and never grow into a well rounded judoka with a comprehensive repertoire of effective Judo techniques. The prescriptive training, if this was one of my students or athletes, would be to step back from competition for 6 months to a year, and begin developing this young athlete’s technical Judo skills.
This was a lesson I learned, first-hand, in my late teens training with Japanese university champions and French light-middleweight and middleweight champions. I was a light-heavyweight at the time, and even though they were much smaller and lighter, they were able to consistently throw me with speed, timing, and good technique. This encouraged me to become a better technician.
A similar problem is often seen with novice Senior competitors who may be physically very strong or overweight. At the lower levels of club randori and competition they are able to rack up some wins with pure strength and size, but in depending on strength alone they fail to develop speed, timing, and technique. By the time they begin competing in Senior competition with brown and black belts they are being bounced all over the tatami or being penalized for stiff-arm defensive fighting.
The prescriptive training, in these cases, is de-construction, which involves forcing the judoka to stop using strength and develop better Judo habits. This requires focusing on good Judo: good clean techniques, frequent sets of moving uchikomi, nagekomi, and light randori with higher grades. Every time the coach or higher grade feels the player muscling up, they should throw that individual. The objective is to demonstrate that speed, timing, and technique will beat brute strength. Teaching and mastering ashi-waza (foot sweeps) is also a valuable tool to improve technique and timing.
Only once a solid foundation of good Judo techniques & time has been ingrained into the judoka or competitor, should the coach then allow the athlete to add power. But keep in mind that developing power in Judo is more than just strength. Power is derived from good technique and an understanding of the bio-mechanics of each technique or tokui-waza; not just from using one’s arms to muscle an opponent to the mat.
To conclude, de-construction is a viable coaching technique for both club sensei(s) and competitive coaches. It allows the coach to take a physically strong or heavy individual and rebuild them as a better technician. Only once they have mastered speed, timing and the technical subtleties of their tokui-waza will they be able to grow and advance as judoka and competitors.
Remember the judo training progression: learn the technique first, then the timing, then add speed, and finally add power. Then develop a family of set-ups and combinations around that technique.